By Beth A. Drolet MD, Maria C. Garzon MD
This factor of Pediatric Clinics covers Birthmarks of scientific value. visitor Editors Drs. Beth Drolet and Maria Garzon have assembled a panel of specialists who provide stories on issues together with Vascular birthmarks: creation and category, childish hemangioma, different vascular tumors, Coagulopathy linked to vascular tumors/Kassabach-Merrit Phenomenon, Vascular malformations, Genetics and syndromes, Pigmentary mosaicism, Café au lait, Congenital melanocytic nevi, Dermal melanocytosis, and Epidermal nevi and nevus sebaceous.
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Additional resources for Birthmarks of Medical Significance, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics (The Clinics: Internal Medicine)
Recurrences are reported following these treatment modalities. 48,49 Treatment of trunk and limb VM is difficult and patients are usually managed conservatively. 28,30,31 Patients with extensive limb lesions should be instructed from childhood in the proper use of compression garments; however, compliance may be a challenge. Compression garments help to decrease the discomfort associated with the lesion, protect the overlying skin, limit swelling, and improve LIC. Active intervention with a surgical modality (laser therapy, sclerotherapy, or excisional surgery) may be considered in small and/or shallow lesions.
Kaposi-like arteriovenous malformation and angiodermatitis (pseudo-Kaposi). Cutis 1982;30(2):240–2, 247, 255–6. 89. Larralde M, Gonzalez V, Marietti R, et al. Pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma with arteriovenous malformation. Pediatr Dermatol 2001;18(4):325–7. 90. Boon LM, Mulliken JB, Vikkula M. RASA1: variable phenotype with capillary and arteriovenous malformations. Curr Opin Genet Dev 2005;15(3):265–9. 91. Revencu N, Boon LM, Mulliken JB, et al. Parkes Weber syndrome, vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation, and other fast-flow vascular anomalies are caused by RASA1 mutations.
They are slowly expanding vascular birthmarks composed of anomalous dilated venous channels. Mucocutaneous VM are uncommon, but when present, they may have Fig. 3. VM on the arm post-biopsy. 1097 1098 Huang & Liang significant consequences. These lesions usually arise sporadically, but familial VM can occur and are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. VM have previously been called venous angioma, cavernous angioma, cavernous hemangioma, and phlebangioma in the medical literature. The term cavernous hemangioma is particularly confusing and should be avoided, because it often leads to the mislabeling of lesions as infantile hemangioma.
Birthmarks of Medical Significance, An Issue of Pediatric Clinics (The Clinics: Internal Medicine) by Beth A. Drolet MD, Maria C. Garzon MD