By Mark B. Salter
The terrorist assaults in big apple and Washington have resulted in renowned conceptions of Muslims as terrorists. a few commentators have harked again to the 'Clash of Civilizations' argument defined by means of Samuel Huntington which has develop into a touchstone in postcolonial reports. Huntington argued that, after the cave in of the chilly battle, tradition might turn into the most axis of clash for civilizational alliances. Mark Salter takes factor with Huntington's concept and explains how the phrases of his argument are a part of an imperialist discourse that casts different civilizations as basically barbarian.Although many commentators have engaged with Huntington's claims, few have pursued the political implications of his argument. Barbarians and Civilisation deals a decisive exploration of the colonial rhetoric inherent in present political discourse. Charting the usefulness of options of tradition and identification for realizing global politics, Salter brilliantly illustrates the advantages and the constraints of the civilized/barbarian dichotomy in diplomacy.
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Being unseen allowed Europeans freedom from civilized moral codes and enabled European travellers to revel in their Orientalist fantasies. ’103 This ability to disguise oneself as the cultural and racial ‘Other’ is a function of the power relationship of European occupation. 105 This was certainly true of Fanon’s personal experience, and is described by Bhabha as ‘almost the same, but not quite’. 107 Postcolonial theorists argue this power dynamic and consequent prejudice is present in contemporary race relations.
Popular culture was especially important because, in the nineteenth century, ‘imperialism [became] a public phenomenon – which was not the case with expansion in the preceding centuries’ – a move that was shored up by increasing literacy and state-sponsored education. 12 These representations of the barbarian international realm shaped the imaginary of European publics, which in turn supported imperial violence. The discourse of civilization/barbarians persists in the popular international imagination and its imperial roots are essential to the understanding of its later permutations.
Imperial governments were always preparing for war against their native subjects, in addition to preparing for war against other European states. Of course, the threat of violence of the international realm and the threat of violence in the colonial realm are not identical, but certain parallels are compelling. Qxd 26/7/02 38 1:29 pm Page 38 Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations There are two relevant aspects to imperialist strategy in the nineteenth century: the acquisition of ‘new’ territory and the control of occupied territory.
Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations by Mark B. Salter