By Ali Riaz
Bangladesh is a rustic of paradoxes. The 8th so much populous state of the area, it has attracted significant realization from the overseas media and western policy-makers in recent times, usually for the incorrect purposes: corruption, common mess ups attributable to its precarious geographical situation, and unstable political occasions with a number of army coups, following its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Institutional corruption, growing to be spiritual intolerance and Islamist militancy have mirrored the weak point of the kingdom and undermined its means. but the rustic has verified major monetary strength and has completed successes in components corresponding to girl schooling, inhabitants regulate and discount rates in baby mortality. Ali Riaz the following examines the political procedures which engendered those paradoxical traits, making an allowance for the issues of democratization and the consequences this has had, and should proceed to have, within the wider South Asian area. This complete and exact evaluate of political and old advancements in Bangladesh due to the fact that 1971 will offer crucial analyzing for observers of Bangladesh and South Asia.
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Extra info for Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence
10. J. E. pigraphyand Palaeography of Northern India from the 1st Century bc to the 3d Century AD (Leiden, 1949), pp. 44, 327, 329. 24 The Shaka invasion of India, apparently, resulted from the Parthian conflict with the tribes of outer Iran. Like the Parthians themselves, the Shakas who came to India belonged to the Iranian frontier rather than 'Turan'. The Parthians, founding the Arsacid dynasty in 247 BC, remained under the bondage of their nomadic background but were Philhellenic, with Greek remaining for long one of the official languages of the state, while later they were instrumental in the revival of Iranian religion.
Pp. 34, 94-101. 70 And this is a fact which cannot be explained by assuming that these were people who were under the rule of the Turks, or, in other words, by assuming that the word is always used as a political-territorial eth71 nonym. 74 Poorly documented as it is, such loose application of the term makes the early infiltration of the Turks into the Gurgan-Dihistan area, Khurasan, Khwarazm, Transoxania, and the frontier areas of al-Hind, difficult to analyse. Generally the Turkicization of these areas was not yet profound.
10 Cf. Masson Smith, 'Turanian Nomadism', p. 60. 11 Cf. A. M. Khazanov, 'Myths and Paradoxes of Nomadism', Archives Europeennes de Sociologie, XXII, 1 (1981), pp. 141-53. 50 THE COMING OF THE TURKS with its strong mythological element, assumed the Oxus to have been the dividing line between 'Iran' and 'Turan'. Iran represented urban administration; Turan the tribal cauldron. In fact, the ensuing frontier conflict was a creation of Iranian imperialism under Darius. In the sixth century BC the northern Scythians were still in close contact with the cities of Iran, through the Caucasus as well as the Greek ports of the southern Black Sea coast.
Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence by Ali Riaz