Download e-book for kindle: Aristotle’s Theory of the Syllogism: A Logico-Philological by Günther Patzig (auth.)

By Günther Patzig (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9048183227

ISBN-13: 9789048183227

ISBN-10: 9401707871

ISBN-13: 9789401707879

The current e-book is the English model of a monograph 'Die aristotelische Syllogistik', which first seemed ten years in the past within the sequence of Abhand­ 1 lungen edited through the Academy of Sciences in Gottingen. within the preface to the English variation, i'd first prefer to convey my indebtedness to Mr. J. Barnes, now fellow of Oriel collage, Oxford. He not just translated what should have been a tricky textual content with exemplary precision and ingenuity, yet significantly each argument and cost­ ed each reference. whereas translating it, he has more advantageous the booklet. of these alterations which i've got made on Mr. Barnes' advice I observe merely the extra very important ones on pages four, 12, 24sq, 32, 39, 6lsq, and 158. because the moment version of the German textual content seemed in 1963 a few additional experiences were released, or come to my become aware of, which i've got 2 been in a position to utilize in bettering the textual content of this new version. i have to point out right here specially the unique serious discussions of my effects and arguments released by way of Professor W. Wieland within the Philosophische Rundschau 14 (1966), 1-27 and via Professor E. Scheibe in Gnomon 39 (1967), 454-64. either students, whereas agreeing with the most waft and approach to my interpretation, criticise a few of my effects and disagree with a few of my arguments. it'll now not be attainable to debate those technical issues the following with the mandatory thoroughness.

Show description

Read or Download Aristotle’s Theory of the Syllogism: A Logico-Philological Study of Book A of the Prior Analytics PDF

Similar logic & language books

Deflationism and Paradox - download pdf or read online

Deflationist bills of fact are commonly held in modern philosophy: they search to teach that fact is a dispensable suggestion without metaphysical intensity. notwithstanding, logical paradoxes current difficulties for deflationists that their paintings has struggled to beat. during this quantity of fourteen unique essays, a wonderful group of individuals discover the level to which, if in any respect, deflationism can accommodate paradox.

Modal Logics and Philosophy - download pdf or read online

The 1st variation, released via Acumen in 2000, grew to become a prescribed textbook on modal good judgment classes. the second one variation has been totally revised in accordance with readers' feedback, together with new chapters on conditional common sense, which used to be now not coated within the first variation. "Modal Logics and Philosophy" is an absolutely complete advent to modal logics and their software appropriate for direction use.

Download e-book for kindle: The Epistemology of Indicative Conditionals: Formal and by Igor Douven

Conditionals are sentences of the shape 'If A, then B', and so they play a critical function in medical, logical, and daily reasoning. they've been within the philosophical limelight for hundreds of years, and extra lately, they've been receiving cognizance from psychologists, linguists, and laptop scientists.

Extra info for Aristotle’s Theory of the Syllogism: A Logico-Philological Study of Book A of the Prior Analytics

Sample text

Lo This practice of simply leaving out the 'relative' operator is logically admissible in the case of 'relative' necessity; but it is not in the case of 'relative' possibility. The following section will show why this is so; the present considerations aim only to make it plain that Aristotle's efforts to distinguish 'absolute' from 'relative' modal operators embraced not only necessity, but possibility as well; and that clear traces of these efforts are in his text. § 7. Logical Objections to Aristotle's Distinction between Two Types of Necessity These peculiarities of Aristotle's language show beyond any doubt that he distinguishes clearly between a 'relative' and an 'absolute' necessity; 21 ARISTOTLE'S THEORY OF THE SYLLOGISM and we have explained how he defines the difference between the two kinds of necessity.

G. euK6c; (17b28). Oppoei (APst. B 16, 98b5-1O). Alexander, In Aristotelis Analyticorum Priorum librum I commentarium, ed. M. WaIlies, Berlin, 1883, p. eYO/lEV01V YV01ptl100-repoc; 0 'te KU'tT]yOpouJ,lSVOC; Kui 6 o1toKeil1evoc;, Kat on 1tp&'tov 'tij cpuaet 'to KU'ta 1tUV'toC; 'toO tv OMp UO't(j) OOC; 1tpoeipT]'tut (cf. tv ilxet. tv 1tiiau 61KUWauVT] ape'tlt. i~. The word "otlvaYOl'Ylt" occurs in Aristotle in a logical sense only in the Rhetoric (r 9, 141Oa22; B 23, 1400b26), where it means much the same as the logical proof ofa proposition.

G. 30a22; 3la13; 33b35. The expression "UVUYKTJ" for the 'relative' operator of the conclusion of a valid syllogism, which predominates in the assertoric logic and is indeed the obvious phrase to use, occurs only six times in the whole of the modal section (30a39; 33a26; 34a35; 34b2l - tOUtOlV 'tE9sv'tOlV UVUYKTJ - 36alO; 35). In four places the 'relative' operator is wholly unexpressed: 33a24; 34a39; 38a34; 39a34-35. 5 These facts about Aristotle's linguistic practice show plainly that not only was he quite clear about the distinction between what he calls 'relative' and 'absolute' necessity, but he also took terminological care, by the choice of different expressions, to avoid the confusion between the two which is particularly liable to occur in modal contexts.

Download PDF sample

Aristotle’s Theory of the Syllogism: A Logico-Philological Study of Book A of the Prior Analytics by Günther Patzig (auth.)

by Christopher

Rated 4.38 of 5 – based on 41 votes