Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory by James B. Freeman PDF

By James B. Freeman

ISBN-10: 9400703562

ISBN-13: 9789400703568

This monograph offers a mode of diagramming argument macrostructure, synthesizing the normal circle and arrow strategy with the Toulmin version. A theoretical justification of this system via a dialectical realizing of argument, a serious exam of Toulmin on warrants, and a radical dialogue of the linked-convergent contrast follows. dialogue contains attention of different understandings of argument constitution and its illustration offered in Wigmore’s chart process, Pollock’s inference graphs, and the pragma-dialectical method of argumentation. An account of the right kind reconstruction of enthymemes and concerns on the border of structural research as opposed to assessment of arguments finish the book.

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The proponent now is asking a question. ” If “No,” she may very well resume her traditional challenger role by asking why some rebuttal does not hold. Then the proponent must assume his traditional role to deal with the mooted rebuttal. Given that he does this successfully and the challenger eventually answers “Yes,”, we can imagine her similarly answering “Yes” for each of the remaining intermediate steps down to admitting that Q follows given the last intermediate step. 6 Concluding Remarks That we may find modalities, rebutting defeaters, undercutting defeaters, counterconsiderations in arguments as products and that in countering them the proponent enters the dialectical tier of argumentation shows that we should want to integrate 12 For a more detailed discussion of how arguments involving suppositions can be dialectically motivated, see our Freeman (1991, 221–228).

A refutation of the explanation is entered to the right of the conclusion, again in a triangle pointing toward the conclusion connected to it by a line, but with a cross placed on this line. If several reasons are offered for a single conclusion, they are in effect represented as linked. The Chart Method furthermore allows representing reasons for reasons serially. In not distinguishing between linked and convergent reasons, the difference between Wigmore’s Chart Method and our integrated approach is more apparent 13 On Walton’s view in (1996), the other two problems are distinguishing arguments from explanations and supplying missing premises.

Now contrary to what the Toulmin model might suggest, the challenger might not find the data to be transparently acceptable. ” Should the proponent answer with data D to support D, extending his written argument with “Because (3), D ,” the diagram (See Fig. 15) Fig. 15 3 2 1 represents the structure of the argument. That is, serial structure is motivated by acceptability considerations. ” I believe she is sincerely perplexed by the implicit allegation of the relevance of the data to the claim. ” But the proponent’s answer in his argument as product is not the same as his answer in a dialogical exchange.

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Argument Structure:: Representation and Theory by James B. Freeman

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