By D. J. Heinz, M. Krishnamurthi, L. G. Nickell (auth.), Professor Dr Jakob Reinert, Professor Dr Yashpal P. Singh Bajaj (eds.)
Progress within the box of plant cellphone and tissue tradition has made this sector of analysis probably the most dynamic and promising not just in plant body structure, mobile biology and genetics but in addition in agriculture, forestry, horticulture and undefined. reviews with plant mobile cultures essentially have bearing upon a number of difficulties as but unsolved in simple and utilized study. This used to be the compelling explanation for assembling this type of accomplished resource of knowledge to stimulate scholars, academics, and examine staff. This publication includes 34 articles on regeneration of vegetation, vegetative propagation and cloning; haploids; cytology, cytogenetics and plant breeding; protoplasts, somatic hybridization and genetic engineering; plant pathology; secondary items and a bankruptcy on isoenzymes, radiobiology, and cryobiology of plant cells. specific consciousness has been paid to trendy , fast-growing and interesting disciplines - e.g. the induction of haploids, somatic hybridization and genetic manipulation by way of protoplast tradition, which own a huge capability for plant improvement.
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Additional info for Applied and Fundamental Aspects of Plant Cell, Tissue, and Organ Culture
The present production techniques are labour-intensive, and quality-control for testing. and maintaining disease-free stocks are costly. The demand for plants isinsufTicient for the creation of even a small number of commercially viable production units, at least until new techniques are available for handling larger quantities of plants. Immediate applications are centred around three main areas: (I) To assist the breeder by provision of stud-plants. (2) The rapid propagation of new cultivars.
HOLDGATE 1. Introduction Plant tissue cultures can be used for the mass propagation of plants; it may be argued that such a method of production could be a process to revolutionise some aspects of horticulture and agriculture. The production of millions of plants via suspension cultures and embryogenesis can be achieved. It is, however, impractical to handle such numbers in a commercially acceptable manner. For example, it is not feasible to transfer by hand or machine millions of small rooted carrot plants to the field.
Immediately following this treatment, small shoot tips or meristem tips are placed into culture and of those which survive some may be free of virus. Heat treatment may present disadvantages, as HOLLINGS (1965) has experienced variability in plants derived from axillary buds of the same parent plants; in the author's laboratory considerable clonal variation in Pelargonium in respect to heat tolerance has been observed. Plants which are chimera, or mutant having a tendency to chromosomal instability may well pro- 32 D.
Applied and Fundamental Aspects of Plant Cell, Tissue, and Organ Culture by D. J. Heinz, M. Krishnamurthi, L. G. Nickell (auth.), Professor Dr Jakob Reinert, Professor Dr Yashpal P. Singh Bajaj (eds.)