By Judith A. Hudson
Symptoms for radiography... suggestions for greater radiographs... basic anatomy... irregular opacities... roentgen indicators of stomach masses... lay-flat binding for useful use within the medical institution.
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Extra info for Abdominal radiology for the small animal practitioner
Most adrenal masses are too small to be visible radiographically. Roentgen Signs ✓ Mineralization of the adrenal glands could be associated with a neoplasm or with Cushing’s disease, or it may be incidental. ✓ Adrenal glands are soft tissue and are fluid opaque, so the border between an enlarged adrenal gland and the adjacent kidney may not be visible. ✓ Occasionally, the adrenal gland can present as a distinct mass, located dorsally cranio-medial to the ipsilateral kidney (Figure 4-7). ✓ A large mass might appear as a dorsal midabdominal mass.
Ventrodorsal View ✓ The small intestine is pushed peripherally. B) Elsewhere ✓ The small intestine will be pushed away from the mass. C) Enteric mass (Figure 4-12) ✓ Neoplasia in the intestinal wall can become sufficiently large that a fluid opacity can be seen on survey radiographs. Figure 4-10 Lateral view of the abdomen of a 6-year old dog with lymphosarcoma. Serosal detail is poor because of enlarged mesenteric lymph nodes. The sublumbar lymph nodes are also enlarged. M: root of the mesentery; SLLN:sublumbar lymph nodes; Sp:spleen.
Consider the mobility of organs that are suspected to be involved in the mass. Gastric Masses Roentgen Signs The cranial mass is caudal to the liver. The small intestine, transverse colon, and spleen will be pushed caudad. During gastric torsion, the spleen may be enlarged due to congestion or torsion. Examples of Gastric Masses ✓ Full stomach (Figure 4-1) ✓ Neoplasia (Figure 4-2) ✓ Adenocarcinoma is most common in dogs; lymphosarcoma is most common in cats. It can be difficult to distinguish between the liver and the stomach.
Abdominal radiology for the small animal practitioner by Judith A. Hudson