By Gwendolyn Leick
The Dictionary of old close to jap Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented through the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of foundation of major texts and a short background in their transmission during the a long time; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or sorts of mythological figures.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology
El, like the Mesopotamian An, represents divine authority and the creator of the world. He represents the principle of order on a cosmic and political level. )’, he is the father, the patriarch of all the gods (with the exception of Baal who is consistently called ‘Son of Dagan’). As mlk, ‘king’, he rules over the world of men as well as gods. g. Keret). Tr ’el, ‘Bull El’, refers to his procreative power and his function of dispensing fertility—Baal in comparison is called the ‘bull-calf’. The sexual vigour of El has been the subject of much academic interest, as some myths seem ambiguous about his potency (Šahar and Šalim).
The sun-goddess instructs Anat to pour ‘sparkling wine into the wine-skins’ and bring wreaths. [gap] Somebody is predicting the actions of Baal after his return, how he will kill the sons of Aštart (those who rejoiced over his death) and how he will resume his seat of the throne of his dominion. Seven years pass uneventfully, then Mot (who is by now revived as well) sends a challenge to Baal. He orders one of Baal’s brothers to atone for the wrongs done to him by Anat. Baal pretends to do as bidden, but he intends to outwit Mot by offering him ‘brothers of Mot’ (also sons of El and Aštart—maybe boars, the usual sacrifice to chthonic gods in Ugarit).
Heidel 1942; Labat 1959; Brandon 1963; Edzard 1965, WdM, 121–4; Labat, in Labat, Caquot, Scnyzer 1970, 75–7; Cassin, in Bonnefoy 1981, 228–35; Bottéro 1985, 112–62; Clifford 1994 Anatolian Very few cosmogonic references can be found in ancient texts from Anatolia. The Hurrian ideas contained in the Kumarbi-myth seem influenced by Mesopotamian thought. Heaven and earth formed a whole which had to be separated with a metal implement by some previous generations of gods. Creation of man See Lahar and Ašnan, Enki and Ninmah, Enuma eliš, Atra-hasis (Flood-myths).
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick