Download e-book for iPad: A cabinet of philosophical curiosities: a collection of by Roy Sorensen

By Roy Sorensen

ISBN-10: 019982956X

ISBN-13: 9780199829569

"A cupboard of Philosophical Curiosities is a colourful selection of puzzles and paradoxes, either historic and modern, by way of thinker Roy Sorensen. Taking proposal from Ian Stewart's Professor Stewart's cupboard of Mathematical Curiosities, which assembled fascinating "maths" from outdoors the school room right into a miscellany of marvels, those puzzles are able to be loved independently yet achieve mutual support Read more...

summary: "A cupboard of Philosophical Curiosities is a colourful number of puzzles and paradoxes, either historic and modern, by means of thinker Roy Sorensen. Taking suggestion from Ian Stewart's Professor Stewart's cupboard of Mathematical Curiosities, which assembled fascinating "maths" from outdoor the school room right into a miscellany of marvels, those puzzles are able to be loved independently yet achieve mutual aid whilst learn in clusters. the quantity levels from uncomplicated examples to anomalous anomalies, considers info that turns out to substantiate a generalization whereas reducing its chance, and argues that we're doomed to think infinitely many contradictions-and that the ache of contradictions should be profoundly stimulating. within this publication you'll research of John Eck, who debated Luther in 1519. He devised a chain of contracts that sidestepped usury legislation, and German bankers made a fortune from this Triple agreement. Sorensen additionally recounts how Voltaire set himself up for all times by way of exploiting a fallacy within the building of a Parisian lottery. there's common sense for altruists, too. you'll find how basic Benjamin Butler used other-centric reasoning to guard runaway slaves. There are old snapshots of good judgment in motion, and the publication comprises tributes to Lewis Carroll, Arthur previous, and Peter Geach. as well as brief essays, there are dialogues, treatments and insults."--Goodreads.com

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Additional resources for A cabinet of philosophical curiosities: a collection of puzzles, oddities, riddles and dilemmas

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Looking down at the Mexican’s sandals, the queasy American then noticed that the Mexican was also missing his second, long toe. ’ ‘Ah,’ replied the Mexican, ‘that takes us back to logic. ’ 25 Emily Dickinson’s Hummingbird The last two stanzas of Emily Dickinson’s ‘Within My Garden, Rides a Bird’ refer to a puzzle posed by a hummingbird. And He and I, perplex us, If positive, ’twere we— Or bore the Garden in the Brain This Curiosity— But He, the best Logician, Refers my clumsy eye— To just vibrating Blossoms!

Freud, The Unconscious, 1984 (Penguin), pp. 190–91 If negationless experience seems difficult to imagine, consider purely instrumental music (bereft of lyrics). Although music resembles language, music lacks negation. Nor does it have other logical constants such as conjunction and disjunction. There are no ifs, ands, or buts. Consequently, one cannot reason in music. Considerable calculation goes into the composition of music. But the music itself is incapable of expressing 7 + 5 = 12. Analogously, considerable calculation goes into the construction of a dream.

The mental constructor concludes that the area of a parallelogram is the product of its base and height. 12 This oversimplification is refuted by severely tilted parallelograms. A paralemma is an invalid intermediate step. A paralemma can be true. It might entail a conclusion that is entailed by the premises. 12╇ 35 Height Base Severely tilted parallelogram. The angle can sharpen indefinitely. As the angle becomes more acute, the perimeter of the parallelogram grows without limit. Many worry that the area of the parallelogram will eventually exceed base × height.

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A cabinet of philosophical curiosities: a collection of puzzles, oddities, riddles and dilemmas by Roy Sorensen


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